1938

The burial register Leven

November 10, 1938
Solingen

In Solingen, too, there are attacks and arrests, the synagogue is set on fire, Max Leven is shot.

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The burnt out synagogue in Essen

November 09, 1938
Essen

In the night of November 9, the synagogue was set on fire: wooden benches were burned, the lead frames of the beautiful stained-glass windows melted.

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Demolished remains of the synagogue

November 09, 1938
Halle

During the pogrom night of November 9 to 10, 1938, the synagogue and community center in Halle were stormed, looted, and burned down.

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Passport Henry Gruen

November 09, 1938
Cologne

As a young man, Henry Gruen (born as Heinz Grünebaum, 1923–2013), witnessed the brutal devastation and destruction of Jewish life in Cologne.

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Postcard with antisemitic insults Front page

November 09, 1938
Norderney

During the pogrom of November 1938, seven Jewish residents of the island were taken from their homes by SA men and detained for a day.

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Wilhelm Krützfeld

November 09, 1938
Berlin

National Socialist and marauding groups gained access to the building and began setting fires. However, the New Synagogue did not burn out that night.

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The destroyed synagogue in Hamm

October 10, 1938
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On the night of November 9th to 10th, 1938, the Jewish house of God was set on fire by the National Socialists.

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The day after the synagogue was set on fire

October 10, 1938
"Landjuden an der Sieg" memorial in Windeck/Rosbach

On November 10, 1938 at seven o'clock in the morning the fire was set in the Ruppichterother synagogue.

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